Over 10 000 years ago in the development of society, the society of hunter-gathers were the most properly structured society in the development of stages of human existence/life. The hunter-gathers respected nature; they would never cut trees they have no use of, they would never kill an animal they cannot eat and they would never wage any battle out of greed with each other. What is Hunting-gathering society; hunting and gathering culture, also called foraging culture, any group of people that depends primarily on wild foods for subsistence. Until about 12,000 to 11,000 years ago, when agriculture and animal domestication emerged in southwest Asia and in Mesoamerica, all peoples were hunters and gatherers.
What is beautiful is that, the hunter-gathers never polluted their environment; they have never polluted their air, waters and the land. They planted and harvested only what they needed and never over-produced. But all hunter-gatherers eat some meat or fish, regardless of where they live. Cooking. All hunter-gatherer groups cook their food, at least most of it. Fruits and some organ meats and sometimes fish and grubs are eaten without being cooked, but most foods need cooking. They always had plenty to eat as there where plenty around them.
In Rachel Carson’s book, Silent Spring (1962), she explains to us the effect of environmental destructions by our current society – a class society or capitalist society. She says in her book “The most alarming of all man’s assaults upon the environment is the contamination of air, earth, rivers and sea with dangerous and even lethal materials”. Carson indicated that the humanity developed a range of chemicals and machine-driven tools to catalyse the melting of stones, softening of the soil, cutting of trees, blocking rivers and killing species; this destruction of the environment is taught in schools to the generation after another.
She describes chemicals as “changing the very nature of the world, the very nature of life”. Some pollutants such as acid rains are the bi-products of industrialization. Others are agricultural poisons deliberately applied in the form of insecticides, fungicides and herbicides. This poisoning of the land, plants and species is motivated by the profits of the capitalists. They want to have the land for the production of the goods that could be sold in the market – consumer markets. Motivated by profits these cannot be controlled or limited as the desire for more profits is unlimited in the capitalist society.
Today, a handful of multinational corporations in the USA control most of the world’s agrochemicals. These are some of the few multinational corporations responsible for almost half of the human-made environmental disasters in the world after Shell and PB. Their tentacles spread into every continent and every level of agriculture, dictating the ways our food is produced and impacting on our wider environment. Two issues dominate in their programmes; one is genetically modified crops and another is the use of neonicotinoid insecticides. These are produced by only two companies – Bayer, a German-based multinational pharmaceutical and Pesticide Company, and – Syngenta, a Swiss agribusiness ‘neonics’ that have become the world most widely used agricultural pesticides since they were introduced 23 years ago. They produce chemicals that are nerve agents, with the effects of exposure ranging from instant and lethal to chronic and cumulative.
Rather being applied selectively to target harmful insects, they are use coat seeds, spreading poison throughout the plant, potentially impacting all species that consume any part of it. While the animals that feed on these plants would die, targets such as aphids, are killed by feeding on the leaves and stems, bees absorb smaller amounts from the pollen, birds that sucks nectar out of the flowers also die and then all animals that feed on the plants seeds, leaves and stem would die eventually and disappear.
Birds eat insects and the poison accumulate in the bodies. Run-off contaminates streams, rivers and the sea, also affecting aquatic wildlife. Humans eat birds, fish and plants as well, running risks of poisoning. They whole ecosystem in weakened.
The whole poisoning is very huge problem to the existence of life on earth today. Unlike hunter-gathers we need more and more profit thereby making this planet not safe place to live in. The functioning of ecosystem in this case is the world in which we live, where there quarters of our main food crops are polluted by insects, including most of our nutritious fruits and vegetables. To put it bluntly, the world’s future food supply is at risk if pollinators are killed off by the indiscriminate use of poisoners chemicals – all for over-production and huge profits.
Every morning the sound of birds is declining all over the neighbourhood. We are no longer reminded by the sound of birds that it is morning. The research released in science journal, Nature, in 2014 revealed a clear and strong correlation between neonicotinoid and the decline of many bird species that eat insects and sucks nectar from flowers. As noticed that if these chemicals are applied in high concentration bird population fall by 11% each year.
As social and class conscious human beings we should unite-in-action to call for greater regulation and for global moratorium, to ban, on these neonicotinoid and neonics that are harmful to ecosystem. A permanent ban would lead to greater use of natural ways of production and boost the fight against global warning. It would also lead to greater use in the developing world where there is pressure to increase crop yields, and where regulation is always going to be weaker. But regulation in itself would lead to them to develop new ones. Look at how a global campaign against GM crops lead to new forms of GM seeds. Banning is a solution than regulations and this lead to imprisonment if there is infringement with the law.
Capitalism destroys nature, it destroys ecosystem, it destroys environment and it destroys humanity. When our food, health and environment are under threat on a plenary level, regulation is not enough. Syngenta, Bayer, Monsanto, Dow and the whole agrochemical and pharmaceutical industry should be taken into public ownership. The dominance of world agriculture by global corporations requires a global solution, and socialists around the world should campaign for the nationalization of these companies’ activities wherever they may be.